Which Of Our Types Of Justice Is Based On A Fair Process And People Believing That The Rules Were Followed Appropriately And Correctly? (2023)

1. Justice and Fairness - Markkula Center for Applied Ethics

  • Missing: appropriately correctly?

  • Manuel Velasquez, Claire Andre, Thomas Shanks, S.J., and Michael J. Meyer

2. [PDF] Archived | Trust and Confidence in Criminal Justice

  • Resisting Arrest and Police Legitimacy: Ratio of Resist Arrest Charges to Encounters 30. Page 4. 1. Four decades ago, national television showed the Birmingham, ...

3. 9-27.000 - Principles of Federal Prosecution - Department of Justice

  • United States Attorneys may modify or depart from the principles set forth herein as necessary in the interests of fair and effective law enforcement within the ...

  • These principles of federal prosecution provide federal prosecutors a statement of prosecutorial policies and practices. As such, they should promote the reasoned exercise of prosecutorial authority and contribute to the fair, evenhanded administration of the federal criminal laws.

4. [PDF] Judges and Discrimination: Assessing the Theory and Practice of Criminal ...

  • Our specification of the statistical model for sentence type is based on a decision rule that captures the process used by the judge to evaluate the.

5. Due Process of Law :: Fourteenth Amendment -- Rights Guaranteed

  • Kansas, where, despite upholding a state alcohol regulation, the Court held that “[i]t does not at all follow that every statute enacted ostensibly for the ...

  • : Analysis and Interpretation of the of the US Constitution

6. Procedural Due Process Civil :: Fourteenth Amendment - Justia Law

  • The Supreme Court, in a 5-to-4 opinion written by Justice Kennedy, “conclude[d] that there is a serious risk of actual bias—based on objective and reasonable ...

  • : Analysis and Interpretation of the of the US Constitution

7. The Juvenile Justice System - The National Academies Press

  • The establishment of special courts and incarceration facilities for juveniles was part of Progressive Era reforms, along with kindergarten, child labor laws, ...

  • Read chapter The Juvenile Justice System: Even though youth crime rates have fallen since the mid-1990s, public fear and political rhetoric over the issue...

8. The Golden Rule | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

  • The pivotal role of conceptual reductionism is discussed in mainstream ethical theory, noting that other forms of theorizing are possible and are more fit to ...

  • The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.”  Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the golden rule in its own terms despite the rule’s prominence in commonsense ethics. This article approaches the rule, therefore, through the rubric of building its philosophy, or clearing a path for such construction. The approach reworks common belief rather than elaborating an abstracted conception of the rule’s logic. Working “bottom-up” in this way builds on social experience with the rule and allows us to clear up its long-standing misinterpretations. With those misconceptions go many of the rule’s criticisms.


  • My reasons were that I saw no chance of a fair investigation of subjects ... Although the full procedures of Rule XXX rarely were invoked, they were followed ...

10. [PDF] 20-1199 Students for Fair Admissions, Inc. v. President and ...

  • Jun 29, 2023 · In the Harvard admissions process,. “race is a determinative tip for” a significant percentage “of all admit- ted African American and Hispanic ...

11. [PDF] Fair Lending Laws and Regulations - FDIC

  • Because both the FHAct and the ECOA apply to mortgage lending, lenders may not discriminate in mortgage lending based on any of the prohibited factors in either ...

12. The Rules of Professional Conduct - PA Disciplinary Board

  • In addition, a lawyer should further the public's understanding of and confidence in the rule of law and the justice system because legal institutions in a ...

  • "Belief" or "believes" denotes that the person involved actually supposed the fact in question to be true. A person's belief may be inferred from circumstances.


  • Nov 15, 2018 · We're having so many interactions with our law enforcement officers and people ... were appropriately followed. o Community Policing. With 18,000 ...

14. Patient Rights and Ethics - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf

  • Establishing clearly defined patient rights helps standardize care across healthcare fields and enables patients to have uniform expectations during their ...

  • "Rights aren't rights if someone can take them away. They're privileges." - George Carlin, "It's Bad for Ya," March 1, 2008.

15. [PDF] Social Justice in an Open World - the United Nations

  • international law and human rights together were allocated less than 10 per cent ... future, based upon our common humanity in all its diversity, can ...

16. Diversity, Equity and Inclusion: Key Terms and Definitions

  • Nov 29, 2021 · “In and of itself, language is rich, complex, and deeply cultural. This is true too within organizations. In my work as a DEI professional ...

  • The glossary presents key terms frequently used in discussions about diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI).

17. Section 12: Religious Discrimination | U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity ...

  • Jan 15, 2021 · ... belief or practice or what type of accommodation is appropriate. ... were sufficient to allow a reasonable jury to rule in favor of plaintiff).

  • Notice Concerning the Undue Hardship Standard in Title VII Religious Accommodation Cases. This document was issued prior to the Supreme Court’s decision in Groff v. DeJoy, 143 S. Ct. 2279 (2023).

18. [PDF] Fair Credit Reporting Act - Revised September 2018

  • This version of the FCRA includes the amendments to the FCRA set forth in the Consumer Credit Reporting Reform Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-208, the. Omnibus ...

19. 3. The Principles of Healthcare Ethics | ATrain Education

  • ... process and the ultimate decision were the determination of the physician. ... People who take the rule-based approach follow that which they think everybody else ...

  • The language of ethics related to healthcare, also commonly called bioethics, is applied across all practice settings, and four basic principles are commonly accepted. These principles include (1) autonomy, (2) beneficence, (3) nonmaleficence, and (4) justice. For Case managers, and other health professionals, veracity (truthfulness) and fidelity (trust) are also spoken of as

20. [PDF] Government Misconduct and Convicting the Innocent

  • Sep 1, 2020 · Perez is one of four exonerees in the Registry who were convicted of immigration law offenses. ... based in part on a human bloodstain and hair ...


What are the three types of justice? ›

This article points out that there are four different types of justice: distributive (determining who gets what), procedural (determining how fairly people are treated), retributive (based on punishment for wrong-doing) and restorative (which tries to restore relationships to "rightness.") All four of these are ...

Which type of deterrence discourages the broader society from engaging in bad behavior? ›

This is known as “general deterrence,” and it suggests perceptions of punishment alone are enough to prevent the general public and would‐be offenders from becoming active criminals.

Which type of justice concerns what measurement should be used to allocate society's resources? ›

Theories of distributive justice seek to allocate society's resources on the basis of just principles. The process of determining such principles is the focus of considerable debate.

What does the term distributive justice refer to a theory of justice concerned with? ›

Distributive justice concerns the socially just allocation of resources, goods, opportunity in a society. It is concerned with how to allocate resources fairly among members of a society, taking into account factors such as wealth, income, and social status.

What are the 4 theories of justice? ›

Four theories of justice are discussed: Rawlsian egalitarianism, or justice as fairness; Dworkinian egalitarianism, or equality of resources; Steiner-Vallentyne libertarianism, or common ownership; and Nozickian libertarianism, or entitlements.

What is procedural and distributive justice? ›

Distributive Justice is regarding fairness in the distribution of resources, whereas Procedural Justice is with regards to fairness in the process of distributing resources and opportunities; it focuses on the decision-making process.

What is an example of retributive justice? ›

What is an example of retributive justice? Retributive justice is equal punishment for equal crime. An example of this is the common punishment for murderers being capital punishment (sentenced to death).

What are the 2 types of deterrence? ›

A distinction has been drawn between two types of deterrence: individual (or specific) and general deterrence.

What is retributive justice and how does it work? ›

retributive justice, response to criminal behaviour that focuses on the punishment of lawbreakers and the compensation of victims. In general, the severity of the punishment is proportionate to the seriousness of the crime.

What is an example of distributive justice? ›

Examples of distributive justice include workers receiving equal pay for equal work, people having access to high quality education and health care, and much more. While most would agree that efforts at distributive justice can help a lot of people, it is a subject that is still at the heart of many debates.

What are the 3 principles of distributive justice? ›

As one could probably see in the definition of distributive justice, there are many principles at play. This lesson will focus on three: equality, proportionality and fairness.

What is the nature of distributive justice? ›

Distributive justice is concerned with the measurements that should be used to allocate the resources of the society. It also decides fair distribution of the burdens and benefits of social cooperation among persons with various needs and claims.

What is the commutative justice? ›

Commutative justice is defined as that part of justice in transfer (as opposed to justice in acquisition as well as distributive or rectificatory justice), which deals with transferring goods via market exchanges.

What is the difference between social justice and distributive justice? ›

For instance, social justice is the notion that everyone deserves equal economic, political, and social opportunities irrespective of race, gender, or religion. Distributive justice refers to the equitable allocation of assets in society.

What is the difference between distributive justice and corrective justice? ›

Distributive justice is geometric and involves proportionality in the allocation of goods among members of society, while corrective justice is arithmetic, and involves adding back what has been taken away, or subtracted, form someone.

Are there three principles of justice? ›

Overall, these three principles of justice - distributive, retributive, and corrective - work together to create a fair and equitable society. They address different aspects of justice, including resource distribution, punishment, and restoration, and provide a framework for ensuring social justice.

What are the three foundation of justice? ›

The foundations of justice can be traced to the notions of social stability, interdependence, and equal dignity.

What are the three types of justice in the workplace? ›

Work psychologists have highlighted three distinct, though overlapping, types of organisational justice: distributive, procedural, and interactional.

What are the three elements of justice theory? ›

The elements Schmidtz identifies are desert, reciprocity, equality, and need. These elements help us to establish what justice requires. In other words, they help us to spell out “what people are due” (7) in certain types of circumstances.

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